Eagle Claw Kung Fu Martial Art, Eagle Claw Kung Fu Training, Eagle Claw Kung Fu techniques

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Eagle Claw Kung Fu is a traditional chinese martial art and is one of the oldest and most complex of the surviving Northern Shaolin kung fu systems. Along with the long strikes and kicks that represent Northern systems, the Eagle Claw system is distinguished by its gripping techniques and system of joint locks, takedowns, and pressure point strikes, which represent one of the oldest forms of the Chinese grappling known as Chin Na. {jumi /styles-right.php}{/jumi}

Eagle Claw Kung Fu is a traditional chinese martial art and is one of the oldest and most complex of the surviving Northern Shaolin kung fu systems. Along with the long strikes and kicks that represent Northern systems, the Eagle Claw system is distinguished by its gripping techniques and system of joint locks, takedowns, and pressure point strikes, which represent one of the oldest forms of the Chinese grappling known as Chin Na.

How the Eagle Claw system is taught varies between each teachers skill and experiences. What is consistent of an Eagle Claw Master is their knowledge of the 3 core sets of the style.

Training

How the Eagle Claw system is taught varies between each teachers skill and experiences. What is consistent of an Eagle Claw Master is their knowledge of the 3 core sets of the style.

Xin Quan (Hahng Kuen) is known as the Walking Fist. This set consists of 10-12 Rows of technqiues representative of the founding elements of the style. (Shaolin Quan, Fanzi Quan and Yue Shi San Shou).

Lian Quan (Lin Kuen) is known as the Linking Fist. A very important set in that it not only provides the exponent with an encyclopedic base of various Seizing, Grappling and Joint Locks but a set that incoporates various Qi Gong Skills as well.

Yue Shi San Shou aka Yī Bi Ling Ba Qín Na (Yat Ling Bat Kahm Na)– “108 Seize Grab” aka 108 Locking Hands is considered the "Heart" of the Eagle Claw System. Believed to be the material passed down by the legendary Yue Fei of China's Song Dynasty. This material is 108 different categories of skills/techniques that are trained to a level of pefection with partners.

Missing any of the 3 core sets will severely hinder a students hope of mastering this style.

History

While the details of the history alter according to the teller, with names and places shifting as they tend to do in any oral history, in essence the story of Eagle Claw began in the Shaolin Temple and in Chinese military training, became a family tradition passed on from parent to child for generations, and eventually shed its air of secrecy with the advent of public martial arts schools.

Yue Fei

Eagle Claw is said to have had its origins in 1130,from Yue Fei (Ngok Fei) who lived at a time of warfare between the Southern Song Dynasty and the Jurchen who later founded Jin Dynasty (the Jurechen were the ancestors of the Manchus of the Qing Dynasty).

Ngok Fei credited his victories in battle to his martial arts training under Zhao Tong (Jow Tong)and Chen Guang. These skills included Archery, hand to hand combat, spear, horsemanship, etc.

His Hand Skills became known as the Yī Bǎi Ling Bā Qín Ná(Yat Ling Bat Kahm Na) (“108 Seize-Grab”) techniques, which were supposedly based on a much older system only known as "Faan Tzi" (Elephant Fist), and focused on seizing, locking, and pressure point strikes.

These 108 techniques became the staple of his new style called Ying Quan/Shou - Eagle Fist/Hand which he taught to his soldiers.

Elephant Fist

In Chinese, elephant is pronounced Xiàng. However, the same character can also mean "shape, form, or appearance". The elephant style in question might be a mistranslation of xiang, which actually refers to Xiang Xing Quan ("Imitation Boxing"), a fighting technique which emphasizes the imitation of the offensive and defensive actions of a certain animal or person.

Shaolin Temple

In the late Ming Dynasty Yue Fei's material is said to have made a re-appearance at a Shaolin Temple. Li Quan Seng (Lai Chin) an expert in the Fānziquán Style encountered soldiers practicing the hand techniques they called Ying Quan (Ying Kuen) Eagle Fist.

After taking the time to learn and master these skills he undertook the daunting task of combining them into his pre-existing Fanziquan sets.

He called his new system Ying Quan

Ming - Qing Dynasty

In 1644 the Ming Dynasty was ovethrown and replaced by the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Royal family members of the fallen Ming Household went into hiding, with many becoming monks, scholars and artists. Zhu Ruoji (1642 - 1707) aka Yuanji SHITAO,was a low level prince and 2 years of age when the Ming Dynasty fell.Later on in his life he took the name Dao Ji (Toa Gai)

(taking in the chronology of Eagle Claw's development the Dao Ji of Ming-early Qing of 1642 Could Not be the same Daoji that Liu Shi Jun learned from in the 1800s)

Fa Seng (Fat Sheng) was another Martial Monk. It is unclear whether he was a classmate of Dao Ji or his student.

Liu Shi Jun and Liu Cheng You

Liu Shi Jun is the founder (Sijo) of the yīng zhuǎ fān zi quán

At a young age he enjoyed martial arts and had many teachers from various styles including Shaolin Quan, Fanziquan and possibly Chuo Jiao & LiuHeQuan. Around middle age he learned from two eminent monks of the time - Fa Seng Fat Sheng then Dao Ji (Toa Gai) the methods of Yue Shi Lin Quan/San Shou.

Late in his career he obtained a position of Martial Arts Instructor at one of the military barracks in the Capital, Beijing where he instructed the troops in his martial arts which consisted of Fist and Spear skills.

His 2 most prominent students were Liu Dekuan and Ji Zixiu.

What he taught was known as Bafanshou/Bashanfan; (8 flash/evasive tumbles"), aka Fanziquan (Reversing/tumbling Fist).

He was also known as "Dai Gong Ji Liu" Great Sage Liu for his expertise in his Dai Liu He Qiang (big 6 harmony Spear)


Liu Chen You 1st learned martial arts from his uncle Liu Dekuan who had been a student of Liu Shi Jun when stationed in Beijing. He continued his instruction under other prominent martial artist of the region. When Liu Shi Jun retired back to his home village Liu Chen You received advanced training from him.

Liu Chen You was a very strict teacher and only accepted a few students. Of those were:

Liu Qi Wen, Chen Zizheng and Zhang Zhan Wen.

Chin Woo Athletic Association

The Chin Woo Athletic Association was an founded by the famed martial artist Huo Yuanjia (Fawk Yun Gop) in Shangahi. Its purpose was the dissemination of not only Martial Arts but sports and other educational systems to the public.

The Eagle Claw system remained relatively restricted to the Xiong County , Baoding City in Hebei Province until Chen Zizheng (Chan Tzi Ching) was invited to teach at the Chin Wu.

After initial success with the 1st School in Shanghai Chen ZiZheng went to his training brother Liu Qi Wen to offer his students careers as Martial Arts instructors in the Chin Woo Association. In time Eagle Claw was being taught in Shangahi, Hong Kong, Guandong, Futsan, Singapore, Malaysia etc.

It is for this reason that many of todays exponents also teach numerous other sets/forms which were acquired by their teachers who had learned in the Chin Woo Schools.

Lineages

There are 3 main Eagle Claw Lineages that most teachers/schools can trace their style to.

Liu Qiwen (Lau Kai Man),

Chen Zizheng (Chan Tzi Ching)

Zhang Zhan Wen (Chian Jin Man).

 

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