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Nihon Kosen Judo - Part 1

Nihon Kosen Judo - Part 1 Video Video


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Kosen Judo - refers to a unique school of competitive Judo with particular emphasis on ground grappling techniques such as pinning holds (osaekomi-waza), joint locks (kansetsu-waza) and chokeholds (shime-waza), referred to as newaza in Japanese martial arts. The rules of a Kosen Judo match were the same set of rules of pre--World War Judo, which, in contrast with current Judo rules, allowed direct transition to newaza (ground grappling) without the mandatory skillful application of a movement to unbalance the adversary first. This allowed for scenarios where one less skilled Judoka could drag down the other into newaza (a tactic modernly known as pulling-guard), and this was exploited by some university teams that matched their less skilled students against the more skilled students of the rival teams, aiming at a (generally easier to achieve) draw in newaza. To achieve victory under the Judo rules of the time the judoka had to score Ippon (full point) as there were no intermediate scores, or a draw was declared at the referee's discretion. Since Kosen Judo followed the same rules, only techniques resulting in ippon determined the winner.[4] Ippon could be achieved via submission, a perfect throw (a throw displaying control, force and speed, landing the opponent largely onto his back), osaekomi/pin hold or by stoppage due to the impossibility of a judoka to continue (unconsciousness, broken limbs, etc.).Differently to modern Judo rules leg-locks were allowed. (Leg-locks started being prohibited by Kodokan rules in 1914 in shiai and randori as well. By 1925 all joint-locks except elbow locks were totally prohibited together with neck cranks. Kosen rules being the Kodokan rules derivative did not allow leg-locks absolutely). The matches had no time limit and were usually contested on a mat 20x20 meters in total size. A starting zone 8x8 meters was marked on the mat as well as a danger zone which ended at 16x16 Meters. If a Judoka went out of the danger zone the match would be restarted. If they were actively engaged in newaza the referee would call sono-mama to freeze them into position, drag them to the middle of the competition area, and call yoshi to restart the match in the same situation. This device was common in Judo in general and is still part of the official Judo rules, addressed in article 18 - Sono-mama, but has since fallen into disuse, allowing modern Judoka to escape newaza by going out of the competition zone.

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